Tax Identification Number

Taxation is a powerful instrument to determine the fiscal policy of a nation and help to build up the economic structure of a country. Tax is a compulsory payment to the government.

Taxation is in the nature of a compulsory levy and there is no quid pro quo between the amount paid and the services provided by the government.

The primary purpose of taxation is the mobilization of resources and canalizing the same for productive investment. Taxation can also be used as a measure to promote equity and reduce disparities or to encourage or discourage consumption of particular items.

Tax structure in India

The system of taxation in India is very much primitive. For development of any nation and for civilization, imposition of tax within the framework of logical tax structure is utmost necessary. On this basis, system of taxation is broadly classified into two categories- Direct Taxes and Indirect Taxes. In fact, direct taxes include those taxes which the taxpayer pays directly on his income, wealth, etc. Direct taxes are mainly Central’s subject except professional tax and Agricultural Income-tax.

The difference between the two types of taxes is that in the case of direct taxes the burden or ‘incidence’ is borne by the tax-payers themselves whereas in the case of an indirect tax, the burden can be shifted to another person.

Authority to collect taxes is conferred on the Central and State Government by the Constitution of out country.

Another feature of the Indian tax structure is the tendency to increase the proportion of indirect taxes. This had come down drastically to 16% by 1991. However, there has been some improvement in the subsequent years. For the year 1998-99 the ratio between indirect and direct taxes was 70:30. It had improved to 62:38 in 2001-02. Even at this rate, the economic consequence is that the burden will fall disproportionately on the poorer section, as indirect taxes, especially on commodities, affect the poorer sections more.

It must, however, be admitted that India’s tax effort since independence has been quite appreciable. The tax to GDP ratio (centre and states together) was 6% in 1950-51. In rose to 11% by 1970-71. Compared to many developing countries, India’s record of resource mobilization through taxes has been satisfactory.

‘Tax’ refers to payment of fund to governmental authorities against which no direct benefits may be expected by the tax payers. The governmental authority of any modern country is found to require huge financial resources to discharge various functions. The functions done by modern government may be of two basic types which are- (i) compulsory functions and (ii) optional functions. Traditional compulsory functions refer to the areas of activities relating to the defence of the country and maintenance of internal law and order. To discharge these compulsory functions any modern government is required to maintain security and police forces. Huge financial resource is essentially required to discharge such functions. Optional functions refer to various activities relating to improvement of socio-economic conditions of the people. In relation to such areas of activities a modern government, based on social welfare concepts is required to spend huge fund for development of economic infrastructure in the form of road and railway development, power generation, telecommunication development, educational and health care development and even implementation of various schemes for development of agricultural and industrial sectors of the country.

Federal Tax Identification Number

All the business has its own image and entity and the tax identification number is used to identify this entity. Simply to be said that it is used to identify employer’s tax accounts. It is also known as Employer Identification Number (EIN) or Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN). The Federal Tax Identification Number or Employer Tax Identification Number or EIN is a nine digit number and it is used to fulfill most of your business needs. It is to be mentioned that, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) assigns the federal tax ID number to identify the business.

The employer, sole proprietor, trust, non profit organization, partnership or other business entities may use this tax ID number. One can easily apply for a new tax identification number though there is already an EIN, due to the changes of ownership or some certain circumstances.

Before applying for EIN either telephone or fax, you have to complete Form SS-4. The federal tax identification number is applied on online also. It is open an avenue to the customer. Therefore you have to fill the form and other necessary criteria through online. You can also collect your Tax ID Number through online. In this whole process there may not be need to registration. The application process is proceeds to fill up the form.

Last of all it is to be said that, a business need a Federal Tax Identification Number or Employer Tax Identification Number, so that they can maintain their own image or entity in the market. It is to be noted that, the tax ID number could not be transfer in case of the transferring of any business. If the structure or ownership would be changed then a new tax ID number is required for the business. But above all you have to collect the relevant information to get an EIN.